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We shared tips on searching for and assessing papers for your literature review in our previous blog. We will now talk more about how to better organise the content and to what you need to pay attention when writing your literature review.
Before you start writing the review, you should first organise what content you are going to include.
The organisation of content will depend on:
There is no fixed approach. You may only be required to review the most relevant and recent papers in some fields, while in others a thorough historical overview of the topic is expected.
If the common practice in your academic field only requires a brief review of current research, a single section might be enough to do the job.
When writing a longer literature review, using multiple sections and using sub-headings could be a good idea.
Common ways of organising a longer review:
After developing a clear concept for organising the content of your review, you are now ready to actually start writing!
Throughout your writing process, it’s important to bear in mind:
“The purpose of a review is not to list the studies, but to critically evaluate them.”
You can try following the steps below:
Once your review is complete, the next step is to summarise the findings, identify the gaps in the literature, provide the rationale for your study and explain what it will contribute to research and practice.