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In any quantitative studies, after defining your research questions and / or hypotheses, you need to describe your methodology. In this blog, we are going to talk more about how to write a good method section for your study.
Why do you need a clear method section?
A clear and effective method section describes exactly how you conducted your study and thus allows other researchers to:
Structure and logical order of information
Your method section should provide a clear and concise description of the logical sequence of events in your study.
Tips for authors:
The structure of your method section will vary with the type of study, but generally, you will need to include the following information (probably in a similar order, but not necessarily exactly):
Tips for authors:
The purpose of a method section is to describe what you did in your study, so it is generally written in simple past tense and passive voice is often used as well.
“This was an experimental study”
“Data were collected using an Internet questionnaire”
“Participants were tested in a laboratory at the university”
However, present tense is instead used when describing a commonly used technique or measure, or when stating a commonly known fact.
“It is important to select the most appropriate parameters for optimisation”
“Generally, the raw signal is saved in a single file to simplify the averaging process”
“The 15-item questionnaire measures attitudes towards mental health”
Things you need to avoid
We have talked above about what information you need to include and to what you need to pay attention when writing your method section. But here’s a couple of things that as a rule of thumb you should avoid:
We have only provided a brief overview of what is needed in a method section. We will build on this in our next blog by looking at more specific information on each of the points mentioned above. Don’t miss it!